Tape Machine

Main Details
Maker Sony Company Walkman Brand
Form Factor Portable
Signal Path Analog Hardware
Made In Japan
Date Produced 1982-1984
Dimensions Width x Height x Depth: 181 mm x 40 mm x 95 mm
Weight 640 g (1 lb, 7 oz)
Power Source DC IN 6V positive outer ring ! or 4xAA @ 1.2V-1.5V
Frequency Response 40 - 15,000 Hz
Notes The WM-D6 at first looks like a rather large personal stereo, but is really more like a miniaturised TC-D5 portable cassette deck. Although the WM-D6 was not the first Walkman model that could record, it was the first that could do so to such high standards that it was suitable for professional use.

The WM-D6 used a very similar mechanism to that of the TCM-600 and the TPS-L2. The similarity is evident in the layout of the controls and tape transport components. However, to raise the quality to the high level demanded, the mechanism was upgraded by fitting a disc drive capstan servo similar to that of the TC-D5. Inevitably all the parts had to be made smaller, but the principles remained the same. One would have thought that this would be enough, but the designers took the disc drive concept one stage further and made it quartz controlled. At a stroke, this removed any possibility of drift or error, and gave the WM-D6 perfect speed accuracy under all conditions. The system worked by comparing the output of the capstan tacho sensor with the divided-down output of a quartz crystal oscillator. The servo ensured that the two signals were locked together by varying the motor speed. As the quartz crystal frequency never altered, neither did the tape speed. The user was given the option of bypassing the system and setting the tape speed manually by up to 4% using a small dial at the rear of the machine. In this mode, the servo operated as it did in the TC-D5. The switch that controlled the variable speed function was mechanically interlocked to the record key and so was automatically returned to the quartz locked fixed speed mode whenever a recording was made.

Other features carried over form the TC-D5 included the ferrite heads and the DC-DC converter, which enabled the electronics to operate at a higher voltage than the batteries would normally provide, improving the sound quality. There was no room to accommodate the TC-D5’s large moving-coil meters so the WM-D6 used a single LED bar graph display instead. This could also be used to give an indication of battery condition. An input was provided for a microphone, though using the switchable attenuator this could also accept signals from an amplifier or second recorder. The limiter function from the TC-D5 was not carried over, so recording level control was manual only. Two pairs of headphones could be connected. A three position tape selector switch allowed normal, chrome and metal tapes to be used for both recording and playback, though the selection was manual, not automatic as it had been with the TC-D5.

Power was usually provided by 4 AA sized cells, though the battery compartment was designed so that the standard Sony Ni-Cd pack could be used too. This could be recharged in situ from the DC input socket.

The WM-D6 was expensive but was also capable of outstanding performance, better than many full-sized cassette decks. It was quickly adopted by radio stations and news organisations as the ideal machine for reporters to use. It also became a favourite for making high quality but discreet “bootleg” recordings at concerts. It was replaced by the improved WM-D6C.
Additional Specifications
Noise reduction Dolby NR Top right
Tape head Hyperbolic Laser Amorphous a.k.a. Sendust Ferrite Head Record and Play in the same head. Erase is a separate head.
Drive system Quartz locked, disc drive system Internal
Tape selector I, II & IV Top right
Speed adjustment Manual Back with switch for fixed / varying speed.
Record level Manual Right side
Battery pack 4xAA in holder, secured under plastic lid. Proprietary for D6 and D6C only. Quick to replace but required the cassette door to be opened to gain access. Center left
Tape counter Analog belt driven Top right
Type: Led (red)
Indication: Peak L or Batt
Scale: -10 -5 0 +3 +6
Type: Led (red)
Indication: Peak R or Batt
Scale: -10 -5 0 +3 +6
Type: Counter
Indication: Tape counter
Scale: 000 - 999
Headphones A
Connector: 3.5mm Miniature Phone Jack (1/8")
Description: Stereo
Headphones B
Connector: 3.5mm Miniature Phone Jack (1/8")
Description: Stereo
Line IN / Mic
Connector: 3.5mm Miniature Phone Jack (1/8")
Description: Stereo
Line OUT
Connector: 3.5mm Miniature Phone Jack (1/8")
Description: Stereo
DC IN 6V positive outer ring
Connector: Other
Parameter: Headphone volume
Control Type: Slide Pot
Range: 0 - 5 - 10
Parameter: Play, review, cue, pause, stop
Control Type: Latching Push Switch
Parameter: Record
Control Type: Latching Push Switch
Parameter: Rec Level
Control Type: Rotary Pot
Range: 0 - 10
Parameter: ATT (mic attenuation)
Control Type: Slide Switch
Range: 20dB, 0dB
Parameter: TAPE
Control Type: Slide Switch
Parameter: DOLBY NR
Control Type: Slide Switch
Range: ON, OFF
Parameter: Speed tune
Control Type: Slide Switch
Range: ON, OFF
Parameter: Speed tune
Control Type: Rotary Pot
Range: F - S
Parameter: LED-meter display
Control Type: Slide Switch
Parameter: Line IN / Mic
Control Type: Slide Switch
Range: Line In / Mic
Parameter: Azimuth adjustment
Control Type: Rotary Encoder
Range: Screw left of Record / Play head.


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